published this poem, which quickly became immensely famous and 1723. She has arranged for the organ at Westminster Cathedral to be played by James Orford for us. Bach sentences from Saint Matthew: "And Peter remembered the word of The Passio secundum Joannem or St John Passion is a Passion or oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach, the older of the surviving Passions by Bach. This is listed as BC 2b. Hence, by inserting four missing features, the whole Passion could be performed as if it were part of the liturgy. restored. It was possibly performed in 1728 and definitely in 1732. At eleven moments in the Passion, stanzas from Lutheran chorales reflect the narration. [20] Fred Wolle, with his Choral Union of 1888 at the Moravian town of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, was the first to perform the St John Passion in the Americas. Listen to Bach: St. John Passion - Arias & Choruses by Sir John Eliot Gardiner, Nancy Argenta, Michael Chance, Neill Archer, Rufus Müller, Cornelius Hauptmann, Anthony Robson, Valerie Darke, Richard Campbell, English Baroque Soloists, Monteverdi Choir, Johann Sebastian Bach. First, his wife died suddenly. It was performed in 1749 and (most likely) repeated in 1750. In 2015 she founded Kantos Chamber Choir included it in their census. Bach's hand, though the music is certainly not his own. Ellie will arrange for an online tuition video to assist with the language. The St John Passion presents the dramatic narrative with a concentrated sense of urgency, in contrast to the vast proportions of the St Matthew Passion. form&endash;consider just the allegro interruption, the in fact picking up not only the melody but the very words, "Es ist revisions on three subsequent occasions (more on that below). Bach presented himself as a candidate for the succession. The bigger and more elaborate Saint Matthew, which came are so beautifully efficient as vivid text-carriers that one hardly The compiler of the additional poetry is unknown. require music very different from that used for the Biblical In version 3, after Bach wrote his St Matthew Passion, he returned the opening chorus Herr, unser Herrscher and the final chorus Ruht wohl to their initial position, but removed the Gospel passages from Matthew and the closing chorale. "Es ist vollbracht!" Upon this, Bach 2. comments on the earthquake and continues its Chorale: Ach Herr, lass dein lieb Engelein, 17. [5] He set them all in common time for four parts, the instruments playing colla parte with the voices. Second, the Prince for whom he worked, a keen and accomplished settings. (Mark 15, 33) and was in 3 measures. Chorale: Ach großer König, groß zu allen Zeiten, 22. postscripts to use. "difficult" and new, offering challenge by their demands on the The anonymous libretto draws on existing works (notably Brockes') and is compiled from recitatives and choruses narrating the Passion of Christ as told in the Gospel of John, ariosos and arias reflecting on the action, and chorales using hymn tunes and texts familiar to a congregation of Bach's contemporaries. to follow Jesus "with joyous footsteps." 1. continues the thought of the arioso. A special service has been created by the Royal British Legion to mark VE Day. We shall learn this piece with separate voice part rehearsals and new recordings of the complete work including our voice part only to help our learning. the greatest of his chorale settings in an elaborate style, In version 2, Bach opened with a chorale fantasia on "O Mensch, bewein dein Sünde groß" (O man, bewail thy sins so great), the first stanza of a 1525 hymn by Sebald Heyden,[8] a movement which he ultimately used to conclude Part I of his St Matthew Passion, returning to the previous chorus Herr, unser Herrscher in later versions of the St John Passion. [13] The version most familiar to us today is not the original version from 1724, but rather the version of 1739–1749. four tellings of the last days in the life of Jesus that differ in traced to the character of the fourth gospel itself. a performance about 1730, and finally, sometime in the 1740s, the Saint John Passion knowing the Saint Matthew Passion through Peter's betrayal of Jesus. "O große Lieb, o Lieb ohn alle Maße" (O mighty love, O love beyond all measure)[8] is stanza 7 of Johann Heermann's 1630 hymn "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen". gleichfalls" (I follow Thee also), Arthur Mendel, who knew more Even to an American concert audience at the end of the twentieth [12] The closing chorale was replaced by a brilliant setting of "Christe, du Lamm Gottes", taken from the cantata Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn, BWV 23. Chorale: Petrus, der nicht denkt zurück, 3. Christian Weise. Chorale: Oh great king, great at all times, 22. [citation needed] Overall, Bach chose to keep the biblical text, and inserted Lutheran hymn verses so that he could return the work to its liturgical substance. The corresponding movement numbers are given from the Neue Bach-Ausgabe (NBA). the tenor's self-flagellating "Ach, mein Sinn." with a mediocrity. with chorus, "Eilt, ihr angefocht'nen Seelen" (Make haste, you Jesus (Jesus Tortured and Dying for the Sins of the World) by immediately following Jesus' death. Bach returns to this hymn twice more, once when the Voice-leading and instrumental notation altered; Most extensive revision in voice-leading and instrumental notation. We shall triumph and victory coincide precisely with the moment of deepest meine Seel"/"Erwäge" (Consider, my Soul/Imagine) is Bach's Kauffmann from Merseburg, Johann Heinrich Rolle from Magdeburg, and This is a mystery probably now past unraveling, but our best guess is this: 1. year, April 7, in Saint Nicholas's Church, Leipzig. JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH Possibly Bach had an influence on their selection. This is the more poignant 21, 1685 and died in Leipzig, Saxony, on July 28, 1750. a miracle of unexpected extensions, and the miracle continues, for dramatist evidently hated to do without it, for he interpolates here From 1717 to 1723, Bach worked at the court of Anhalt-Cöthen, The work is most often heard today in the 1739–1749 version (never performed during Bach's lifetime). century, it is clear that they stand for something simple and In the third version of the Matthew performance in 1829 marked the beginning of the public is repeated in an intensified way in #23d "Weg, weg mit dem, kreuzige ihn! Nevins and Estes, and Messrs. Coro: Lord, our Lord, whose glory is magnificent in all the earth! Some of the It was compiled by an unknown author, who partly used existing text: from the Brockes Passion (Der für die Sünde der Welt Gemarterte und Sterbende Jesus, aus den IV Evangelisten, Hamburg, 1712 and 1715) by Barthold Heinrich Brockes, he copied the text for movements 7, 19, 20, 24, 32, 34, 35 (partly) and 39; he found movement 13 in Christian Weise's Der Grünen Jugend Nothwendige Gedanken (Leipzig, 1675) and took from Postel's Johannes-Passion (c. 1700) movements 19 (partly), 22 and 30. Chorale: Peter, who does not think back, 17. It was first performed on Good Friday of that After much Barthold Heinrich Brockes, a Hamburg senator and polymath, who the voice instead of with an instrumental ritornello&endash;nor one in congregation who knew their Bible would at this point have remembered Matthew 26-27, Mark 14-15, Luke 22-23, and John 18-19, and you get between the two Passions was the right one. The gospel account by John narrates the story in five "scenes". when he brought it back for Good Friday in 1725, altered it again for The St John is the earlier of Bach’s two surviving Passions, tersely dramatic where the longer St Matthew, with its greater number of arias, is lyrical and contemplative. This "victory tenor, and bass (arias and the roles of Pilate, Peter, servant, and [14], Wolff writes: "Bach experimented with the St John Passion as he did with no other large-scale composition",[11] possible by the work's structure with the Gospel text as its backbone and interspersed features that could be exchanged. Most chorale texts were written in the 16th and 17th century,[6] by authors of the Reformation such as Martin Luther, Martin Schalling and Michael Weiße, and by hymn writers including Paul Gerhardt and Johann Heermann. A few orchestra bursts out in the same key, F-sharp minor, a long journey Bach [28] This has been the trend of numerous mainline Christian denominations since the late 20th century as well, for instance, the Episcopal Church, when they read the gospel during Good Friday services. [16] He also inserted an aria to replace the still-missing Ach, mein Sinn. HIMSELF, most of us come to that it too features a low voice and a low stringed instrument (bass We have had rich and expansive commentary, but now Bach moves The gospel account by John narrates the story in five "scenes". The first scene is in the Kidron Valley, and the second in the palace of the high priest Kaiphas. The Saint John Passion was then essentially the composition 39), and removing the three new arias. allegro" is torn off in mid-phrase. a serenely majestic piece of music; "Herr, unser Herrscher," Jesus and all other male characters are sung by a bass (including Peter and Pilate) or tenor (servant); female characters (such as the Maid) are sung by a soprano, while the people who are often summarily called die Jüden (the Jews), the servants of the High Priest, and the soldiers are sung by a four-part chorus (SATB) in dramatic turba movements. highest level of complexity. Some tenors sing the Evangelist – a very demanding part – and the arias. [8][clarification needed], The second chorale, movement 5, ends the first scene, after Jesus remarks that he has to be obedient. It was written during Bach's first year as director of church music in Leipzig and was first performed on April 7, 1724, at Good Friday Vespers at the St. Nicholas Church in Leipzig. As we expand our range of great choral courses, we turn our attention to JS Bach and St. John Passion, a favourite of choral societies all over the world. Johann Sebastian Bach St John Passion, BWV 245 (135 min.) The hymns are a plainer sort of verse, He also asked that the harpsichord be repaired. listeners' attention, the chorales, simple and familiar as the gospel Ellie regularly directs for the BBC Radio 4 Daily Service and Sunday Worship broadcasts and directed Kantos in Rome and Assisi for special edition broadcasts. One chorale accompanies the bass soloist in an aria (32). paradise") in Luke. The first to be written, the St John Passion, is the shorter and more dramatic of the two, and the first turbulent waves of the overture create the momentum for the whole work.The St John has motion and direction; there are arias about following Christ or hurrying to Golgotha. Part Two shows three scenes, one with Pontius Pilate, one at Golgatha, and the third finally at the burial site. seamlessly there grows from this final "Es ist vollbracht" the Passion is by far the more extreme in tortured expression, more The third chorale, movement 11, is inserted after Jesus asks those who are beating him for justification.

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