Fact sheet index, San Diego Zoo Global Library, Email the librarians at library@sandiegozoo.org, (note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2014 Sep 15), https://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/hamadryasbaboon, International Environment Library Consortium, Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) Fact Sheet, Native to the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia, Males have a striking mantle of hair reaching to the waist; distinguishes this species from other baboons in its range, Forage as a group during the day; primarily vegetarian, The only baboon species in which males maintain a harem; males mate solely with females in their harem. No major range-wide threats. Female: 8-14 kg (20-25 lbs), Sitting Height: Males: 4.8-6.8 years %%EOF Infant: hair black to 6 months of age, then brown, Range: Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia; principally in Ethiopia; regionally extinct, non-native Egyptian population, Habitat: Subdesert, arid brushland, steppe, plain, savannah; Associated with areas having vertical cliff faces (on which they sleep). �@J f�*D$��F Pc`�Z�9��,r����dK�+K�x�Y7��ifY�!� ��f` �� ��� � ��0� Runs as if galloping. Diet: Primarily vegetarian; consume seeds, roots, berries, leaves, and flowers. U�A�ȑ�5jȩ�{��@���f�"n߰�d�C�1���b�R4Bi�F�!���zs�7�s��q��1A�^�6h�RRs�5����O�/�䋄�C>o�|����K͌��e����n�>���L��U��4�[iH0�TD�E��Mp��HX+�q �v��� �`�b���k�grt�xCg�S5`��D�z���Z4G�M\K�g The five species of baboons in the genus Papio are. ���E[P'�G��05Y�Q�W�=����'����F�`�a.ѽ:Q3&�,�8�,B��^Eo�~�,�B�� +��!�&Bo��'��?���ZŽHAf����l�?�?c.�c�$R@�G�%H���5̓�~ ����}�H�sO���Y��I3`$�B���� F��&|>��B����!�w/��G�����;�s�'l�x,���+�:|7~�o�o�`2�, ?ps�F������M���Z��Dm�h�?%K�k�X������У0���8����X�l�K�a����N�8ގw�=�����-���F\"�0Ɇ+B���ɽ�ar�����/����b\?����A��q����������$�s��Y�*l���E�t����=�ݫ��J�OlN�%�$����C�BUB�g�5�(nza�|��/������F|��mx~���|f�}���D��}H?2���k�M�&r�CN�_9�3p����Fr��ln)���̵roq�r_pg�sp%y=��(�G���e�������T�M�KQ/.׊�ߥ�� �F+�K�}�{rP��h/z]��'���pn/����^�G�G���hWM�R�v��܄���q ��@��(��+d+9Kr�x4�擾����YH*��Q��Gx� ��L~�� #�6���1�M��9����Ǽ�qy��*�=?H�Ea�a�׈oB{�p��������ς\��K��\q� Locomotion: Walks with four limbs. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Hamadryas, (Papio hamadryas), large, powerful monkey of the plains and open-rock areas of the Red Sea coast, both in Africa (Eritrea, The Sudan) and on the opposite coast in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/ factsheets/hamadryasbaboon. 79 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj startxref oy"ٚ< It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Raid agricultural lands. Instead, they breed year-round with peak a period, occurring in May-July. endstream endobj 80 0 obj <> endobj 81 0 obj <>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 82 0 obj <>stream Some commentators argue that at least two more forms should be recognized, including the tiny Kinda baboon (P. cynocephalus kindae) from Zambia, DR Congo, and Angola, and the gray-footed baboon (P. ursinus griseipes) found in Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and northern South Africa. Adult female: no mantle; short, brown hair; bright red hind-end; vaginal swelling coinciding with onset of estrous. Opportunistically take insects and occasionally prey on hare or dik-dik antelope. The hamadryas baboon is a species of baboon from the Old World monkey family. endstream endobj 83 0 obj <>stream * General consensus is held among experts on baboon forms, but with broad disagreement over division of species within the genus. Classification according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS 2013). Hamadryas baboons exhibit sexual dimorphism, especially in body size. How to cite: Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) Fact Sheet. ��*�H�5��4�Y"UR����F������J]�3�DOF�cj�>�7����0P�Ff̑�Ȓ�N��$�y������h�ׇ�a�ЀP���p�}p��N-��q� This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. © 2014-2020 San Diego Zoo Global. cliffs before sunse. They are P. ursinus (chacma baboon, found in southern Africa), P. papio (western, red, or Guinea baboon, found in the far western Africa), P. hamadryas (hamadryas baboon, found in the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia), P. anubis (olive baboon, found in the north-central African savanna) and P. cynocephalus (yellow baboon, found in south-central and eastern Africa). Hamadryas baboons in Africa and Arabia share a similar diet to some extent: both populations primarily eat grass seeds, roots, berries, and the flowers, leaves, and pods of acacia trees. It is the northernmost of all the baboons, being native to the Horn of Africa and the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Meanwhile, the population in Ethiopia typically breeds in November-December. The hamadryas baboon was a sacred animal to the ancient Egyptians and appears in various roles in ancient Egyptian religion, hence its alternative name of … San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. ��ٶy�{�Pb&V���dT�can���Z5~qK��xI��m%T-���̓�wCu��W Շ��TS� �^s�z��u��;�#�E]l0�=c��Y| ��7n��hp6���_Ze�C����Hů�� �y;��^Ǖ��+��vqU���L%���gh��W� ��5��? h�bbd```b``�"�A$�q�&"ӟ�HA�����d�$Mځ��G�L@s��20҄����� � / Taxonomy and Phylogeny. IUCN Status updated Oct 2020. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Five species of Papio are commonly recognized, although there is some disagreement about whether they are really full species or subspecies. Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys: baboons, macaques, and vervet monkeys) Subfamily: Cercopithecinae. Sexual Maturity: Predators: Humans and domestic dogs; potentially lion, leopards, hyenas, jackals, and cheetah. 0�$ Five species of Papio are commonly recognized, although there is some disagreement about whether they are really full species or subspecies. However, current knowledge of the morphological, genetic, and behavioral diversity within Papio is too poor to make any final, comprehensive judgment on this matter. $ �\v#aO�@�M�PA���Q�QT\�T$$�!0?��;��:�+��:e7��NUw���}��7UunU�[�Y�Su�0BȄ��jƌ/*A�kD�f.��8u��^���-U��W��!q�Ջ�,|ky���b��v�5˯N��>���sgϘ���w!�v Many authors distinguish P. hamadryas as a full species, but regard all the others as subspecies of P. cynocephalus and refer to them collectively as "savanna baboons". HA¬����8Z��ֲ��� ��:�l��7��V��0�#���;���"8�M�ʪ�����nS6R�_>�����N���8Sd��T1��^�W����iͲ��-Ҥ^B�=�\�����O���g�����w�ȻM��@u.M�ZMZC�x��u�a� $+���"�\�5,*�ߥ�5�|��z5�e��`/Y�A��/����ɢf�E�7=_y‚�o�� �%�C�&N�������`��Wex��&ɳY���8�j�.��Y��w`����P�J9��*[7eS��:-�(d{{>��*$��fo�T����6�����ȇ�f���g�F��B@�Y߈0b����VHJYCcۺs���s�Ǧr!ks�u��n�!�����$��#�qO����c�S~����K5R�y�8���/�M�����(5��dϣ|����P3h/{.O~l��O3����� Papio hamadryas Taxonomy ID: 9557 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid9557) current name. Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys: baboons, macaques, and vervet monkeys), Species: Papio hamadryas* (Linnaeus, 1758) - Hamadryas baboon. hެV[S�:�+z��%�g:�I �)�&\N�$>u�`;\�뻫�qHO�3}��ծV���>)��a�`�c���=�,�w��/"�,�!�#�y��1�\�8��B9�q��#���� 7T�|&BZ�L�!g�>�(��6���,��Vh��U���W��8R�Wŭ����q8{ZK<6��&i�r��Z�Y�f�.��W�Yk�g�d1�� �z��$��2�a �B3H�� h�b```f``R �@��9�0x20Ll``�h/O+/j2��ĕB%цꮛA���F R�6��(� � �@, Genus: Papio. Most interactions are between the male leader of an OMU, females within the "harem" and their offspring. c2014-2020. x��� xTE� ZUw������v:�$4!! Body Weight: Male: 16-20 kg (40-45 lbs) Activity Cycle: Sleep on rock faces at night; congregate near cliffs around sunrise before undertaking daily foraging marches, returning to Populations in the Wild: stable or increasing. The hamadryas baboon is distinguished from other baboons by the male’s long, silver-grey shoulder cape, and the pink or red rather than black face and rump.

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