The stems are 5-6 sided and made to hold small amounts of water. The flowers are small, subtended by a pair of conspicuous petal-like bracts, variably red, pink or white, up to 12 mm (0.47 in) broad. Omissions? These coupled with good ventilation around the plant and well draining soil will ensure a problem free development. [9], Christ thorn inflorescences (cyathia) opening, Christ thorn inflorescence (cyathium) close up view, Infected euphorbia inflorescences (cyathia), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euphorbia_milii&oldid=970026678, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 July 2020, at 19:57. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [2], It is a succulent subshrub or shrub growing to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) tall, with densely spiny stems. Some of the hybrids in this series include ‘Rosalie’, ‘Vulcanus’, and ‘Saturnus’. To this I add a little compost to enrich it. My crown of thorns plant tends to favor a potting mix of 1 part regular potting soil and 2 parts coarse sand. Some produce large flowers; others grow smaller and have smaller thorns. splendens (syn. The Crown of Thorns plant is a sprawling shrubby succulent with many branches and 1″ spines covering the purplish-brown stems and branches. Adding to the biblical history of the plant the fact that its sap is an irritant and all parts of the plant are toxic to pets, it may sound like a difficult plant to keep indoors. Euphorbia milii, the crown of thorns, Christ plant, or Christ thorn, called Corona de Cristo in Latin America (coroa-de-cristo in Brazil), is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaciae, native to Madagascar. Make sure your plant is in a warm location with plenty of light and good air circulation. Crown of Thorns, or Euphorbia milii, is an ideal houseplant. Next, you need to slightly dry out the cutting before planting. Cut back on lateral branches and spray with cold water to stop the sap from flowing out. The plant has a reputation of being resistant to pests, which is true. Also make sure that the stem cutting is healthy and shows no signs of disease. The crown of thorns can grow into a 6 feet shrub if it’s kept outdoors in ideal conditions. native to Madagascar. It’s an easy care plant – a close fit both for the neglectful plant lovers and the brown thumbs. They’re excellent for the seaside or beach as they don’t mind saltwater spray. You can also get ready-made potting mixes like those designed for succulents and cacti. Flowering is year-round but most … It’s best to schedule any pruning after the plant has finished blooming. Able to adapt to room temperature it also thrives in dry conditions and copes well if you occasionally forget to water or feed it. But a massive infestation among your houseplants can decimate your crown of thorns plant as well. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It’s a great patio plant for hot weather and is highly resistant against pests—including deer and rabbits. The crown of thorns plant is relatively resilient when it comes to watering in the sense that it can tolerate some neglect in this department. Make sure the plant gets enough sunlight. The small inconspicuous flowers are borne in paired clusters and are surrounded by two showy light red bracts (leaflike structures attached just below flowers). When it comes to soil requirements, the crown of thorns is not at all picky. This doesn’t mean they’re immune to them. Stop watering and water only when 50% of the soil is dried out. Indoors, they should receive at least 3 or 4 hours of full sun each day. Use a sharp blade that has been sterilized with rubbing alcohol to perform a clean cut. [4] Wat Phrik in Thailand claims to be the home of the world's tallest Christ thorn plant. Given that most varieties are hybrids, however, the easiest and simplest way to propagate is from stem cutting. Corrections? Be proactive and look for signs of mealybugs and aphids to prevent a full blown infestation. Your email address will not be published. The species name commemorates Baron Milius, once Governor of Réunion, who introduced the species to France in 1821. With creamy white flowers and slightly more elongated leaves and densely spiny stems, this variety is a breeze to care for. With rosy red flowers and thick, glossy leaves, this is another cultivar that you should consider for a sunny patio or as an ornamental indoor plant. In temperate areas it needs to be grown under glass in full sun. Crown of thorns plants need 3-4 hours of direct sun and plenty of indirect sun to bloom. Also called crown of thorns euphorbia, it’s one of the few succulents with real leaves – thick, fleshy, and tear-shaped. It’s best to pick a container that’s only 1-2 inches larger than the root ball. During the summer it may be placed outside in a sheltered spot, when all risk of frost is absent. The Crown of Thorns plant, Euphorbia milii, is a blooming succulent that grows into a woody shrub that features sharp thorns on its stems. Crown of thorns is a hardy perennial with stout gray thorns and oval leaves that drop as they age. Hybridized crown of thorn varieties are aplenty. Crown of thorns is popular as a houseplant and is grown in warm climates as a garden shrub. The main reason why this happens is overwatering. I’ve created this website to help beginners care for their plants. The plant’s name has biblical connotations — it’s believed that the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ as … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/crown-of-thorns-plant, Missouri Botanical Garden - Euphorbia milii. Keep it there for a few days until the end of the cutting seems dry or puckered. Crown of thorns, (Euphorbia milii), also called Christ thorn, thorny plant of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), native to Madagascar. Scheduling propagation in spring or summer will ensure best results given that cuttings need bright light and warmth. It’s named Crown of Thorns due to a legend that the Thorny Crown of Jesus was made from this plant’s stems. If the temperature in your home is comfortable for you, it will be comfortable for your crown thorns plant as well. Also known as giant crown-of-thorns series, these cultivars produce large flowers and stout stems. The plant’s name has biblical connotations — it’s believed that the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ as his crucifixion was made with the stems of this plant. Another dwarf cultivar that has a compact growth and produces many small red flowers. This sprawling succulent is native to Madagascar and does well in the tropics. Euphorbia milii’s common names include, crown of thorns, Christ thorn and Christ plant. The common name refers to the thorny crown Jesus was forced to wear during his crucifixion, with the red bracts of the flowers representing his blood. Expressed in values, temperatures between 65-75 °F will be ideal for this plant. When potting the crown of thorns plant, don’t plant in a container that’s too large. The white milky sap is poisonous and can cause skin and eye irritation. Crown of thorns, (Euphorbia milii), also called Christ thorn, thorny plant of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), native to Madagascar.

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